Göbeklitepe, "Isterbukskullen" är en gammal kultplats i nuvarande Turkiet med bl.a. en religiös byggnad och unika stenskulpturer.
Professor Necmi Karul, Universitetet Istanbul, institutionen för arkeologi, gästföreläser.
The Origin of Sedentism in Anatolia and Göbeklitepe
Discussions on the onset of sedentism, agriculture and animal husbandry, and thus on production-based life, have been topics that have not been outdated for more than 150 years. The answers to these questions, which have been the focus of numerous prehistoric research conducted in the Near East, has always been important for the geographies where this way of life has spread, especially in Europe.
The excavations in Anatolia in recent years reveal remarkable results regarding the early stages of the Neolithic Period, and therefore of the production-based settled life. The impressive monumental ruins not only show the complex social structure of the period and the level reached in architectural technology, but also reveal a rich symbolic world and thought system dominated by animal symbols.
These excavations also shed light on how societies that have acquired knowledge of how to utilize the natural environment and learned to reproduce this environment have contributed to the emergence of the basic dynamics of social organization, division of labor and similar subjects that govern us in modern societies.
Göbeklitepe, which is one of the first settlements, not only shows us the place of Anatolian geography in this process, but also brings us closer to the world of the Neolithic people more than ever before.