The photo, film and image collections of the Museum of Ethnography
The Museum of Ethnography manages a large number of photographic collections consisting of around half a million photographs. The oldest photographs are from the 1860's but new ones are constantly being added to the collections. The photographs are either developed, mounted or unmounted and often sorted in photo albums. The originals come as both negatives and positives and using every possible photographic technique and method known to man from glass negatives to stereoscopic images and lantern slides.
The images depict the history of the museum; its buildings, staff, exhibitions, collections and programme activities and constitute a documentation of distant countries and cultures, often in association with Swedish expeditions and circumnavigations. Moreover, the images depict the Swedish missionary work and other activities in faraway countries and represent a comprehensive collection of portraits that is often linked to and contextualises other museum collections and archive documents. The photographic, film and image collections have either been created within the framework of the museum itself or acquired by or donated to the museum as an enhancement of existing collections. The museum manages several famous collections such as the Circumnavigation of the Vanadis (1883 – 1885) as well as the collections of Sven Hedin, Sten Bergman, Eric von Rosen, Marianne Greenwood, Gustaf Nordenskiöld, Didrik Bildt, Ida Trotzig and Folke Cronholm to name a few.
The Museum of Ethnography has numerous ethnographic or documentary nitrate and acetate films in different formats. The films relate among others to Swedish expeditions and missionary work.
In addition, the The Museum of Ethnography manages significant collections of images, paintings, portraits, drawings, watercolours and maps including substantial collections of the individual works of Sven Hedin and Ossian Elgström.